Knut und der ganze Rest: Urlaubsnachlese

Knut hat es postum noch ein vermutlich letztes Mal geschafft, das Sommerloch zu füllen: Während meines Urlaubs ging die Nachricht um, dass der Eisbär an einer Autoimmunerkrankung zugrunde gegangen ist, nämlich an einer Anti-NMDA-Rezeptor-Encephalitis. Hier der entsprechende Forschungsartikel von H. Prüss et al.: Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis in the Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) Knut.

Weitere Immunsystem-Meldungen und -Fachartikel der letzten Wochen; über einige davon werde ich demnächst noch bloggen:

Mikrobiom

Antibiotics and the Gut Microbiome
Antibiotics given to infant mice may have long-term effects on the animals’ metabolism and gut microbiota.

The Sum of Our Parts
Putting the microbiome front and center in health care, in preventive strategies, and in health-risk assessments could stem the epidemic of noncommunicable diseases.

How Fats Influence the Microbiome
Mice fed a diet high in saturated fat show shifts in their gut microbes and develop obesity-related inflammation.

Skin Microbes Help Clear Infection
In a small study, researchers find a link between an individual’s skin microbiome and the ability to clear a bacterial infection.
Die Studie (Open Access): The Human Skin Microbiome Associates with the Outcome of and Is Influenced by Bacterial Infection

Genetics, Immunity, and the Microbiome
The makeup of an individual’s microbiome correlates with genetic variation in immunity-related pathways, a study shows.
Die Studie (Open Access): Host genetic variation impacts microbiome composition across human body sites

Thymus

Nur 160 Plätze für T-Vorläuferzellen im Thymus frei
Abstract (Rest hinter Paywall): Multicongenic fate mapping quantification of dynamics of thymus colonization.

Lymphgewebe

Rethinking Lymphatic Development
Four studies identify alternative origins for cells of the developing lymphatic system, challenging the long-standing view that they all come from veins.

Brain Drain
The brain contains lymphatic vessels similar to those found elsewhere in the body, a mouse study shows.

Krebs und Autoimmunität

Body, Heal Thyself
Reviving a decades-old hypothesis of autoimmunity
Review (Open Access): Cancer-Induced Autoimmunity in the Rheumatic Diseases

Autoimmun-Uveitis

Bacteria to Blame?
T cells activated in the microbe-dense gut can spark an autoimmune eye disease, a study shows.

Multiple Sklerose

Melatonin for MS?
Improvements in multiple sclerosis symptoms correlate with higher levels of the sleep hormone, a study finds.

Taufliegen: Erhöhung der genetischen Vielfalt zur Pathogenabwehr

Fending Off Infection in Future Generations
Female fruit flies challenged with infection during their lifetimes have offspring with greater genetic diversity.

Plazenta

The Prescient Placenta
The maternal-fetal interface plays important roles in the health of both mother and baby, even after birth.

Asthma

Wie Bauernhöfe vor Asthma schützen
Spezifisches Protein senkt Überreaktionen des Immunsystems ab

Selbstmedikation von Affen bei Peitschenwurm-Infektionen

Sickness behaviour associated with non-lethal infections in wild primates (Abstract)

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